Food and Water During a Disaster

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During a disaster or emergency, getting food and water can become harder, so you may have to find alternative ways to get it. Even if you have food and water at home, the impact of an event could prevent you from using it. For example:

  • A severe weather event could ruin or damage your supply of food and water.
  • If you don’t have back-up power, long outages will spoil foods that need to be kept cold.
  • If you have to leave your home, you might also have to leave your food and water behind, and you might not have enough money to buy more.

If you ever find yourself in a situation like this, you’ll need to know how to get food and water. Read the information below and find out what could be available to you if there’s a disaster or emergency.

Food banks

Food banks provide food and water year-round, and some food banks may have smaller food pantries. Anyone can go to a food bank pantry to get food – you don’t need to be a Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) client. To find a food bank near you, visit the Feeding Texas website or contact 2-1-1 Texas.

National Hunger Hotline

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Hunger Hotline helps connect low-income individuals with information about meal sites and food banks. The hotline is open from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. Central Time. You can call the hotline at 1-866-3-HUNGRY (486479) or send a text to 914-342-7744. Learn more about the National Hunger Hotline.


If you are a SNAP (also sometimes called “food stamps”) beneficiary and your food is lost due to a disaster or emergency, you can ask to be paid for the loss. To request payment, use Form H1855, Affidavit for Nonreceipt or Destroyed SNAP Benefits. Submit your completed form to Texas Health and Human Services as soon as possible.


The Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (D-SNAP) offers short-term food assistance benefits to families recovering from a disaster. In Texas, D-SNAP is administered by Texas Health and Human Services. You can receive D-SNAP if you are from a county that has been declared a federal disaster area and you are facing:

  • A loss of income because of the disaster
  • Costly expenses because of the disaster
  • Evacuation or relocation expenses
  • A personal injury related to the disaster

If approved for D-SNAP benefits, you’ll get a debit card that you can use at authorized stores, as a one-time benefit. Learn more about D-SNAP.

D-SNAP for SNAP beneficiaries

If you receive SNAP benefits, you may still qualify for additional food assistance. To get an increase in your benefits, you must:

  • Receive less than the maximum amount for your family
  • Have experienced a loss due to a disaster

The D-SNAP amount will increase your benefit to meet the maximum benefit for your family.

Emergency Management Department

In some disasters and emergencies, your city or county will set up points of distribution for necessities like food and water. Contact your local emergency managers and ask them about their plans and how information will be provided. Also ask about what other local organizations may provide assistance.

Additional information


Publication Code: DPR24

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